Mahatma Gandhi Death Anniversary 2024: Recognized as a pivotal figure in India’s struggle for independence, Mahatma Gandhi, born Mohandas Aramchand Gandhi, played a key role in advocating truth and non-violence to compel the British to withdraw from India.
Revered as Bapu, or the Father of the Nation, he is regarded as the paternal figure for all Indians, guiding them on the path of righteousness during the fight for freedom.
On 30 January 1948, a few months after India gained independence, Mahatma Gandhi met his tragic end.
Nathuram Godse assassinated him during the evening prayers at the Gandhi Memorial in Birla House. This date, the 30th of January, is eternally etched in history as Gandhiji’s death anniversary.
Each year, on this solemn occasion, the nation also observes Martyrs’ Day. The choice of commemorating Martyrs’ Day on Mahatma Gandhi’s death anniversary holds special significance, marking it as a distinctive day in history beyond Bapu’s remembrance.
Martyrs’ Day on January 30:
The day Mahatma Gandhi passed away is commemorated as Martyrs’ Day by the nation. On this day, homage is paid to Mahatma Gandhi by observing his death anniversary, which falls on January 30, as Martyrs’ Day.
In a significant ceremony, the President, Vice President, Prime Minister, and Defense Minister of India gather at Gandhiji’s Samadhi situated in Rajghat, Delhi.
It is a time to reflect on Gandhiji’s invaluable contributions to the freedom struggle, expressing our deep respect and remembrance.
During this occasion, the country also honours the martyrs of its armed forces, saluting their sacrifices.
A poignant moment of two minutes of silence is observed to commemorate both Bapu and the brave martyrs who laid down their lives for the nation.
Martyr’s Day is celebrated twice a year
Martyrs’ Day is observed twice a year in India. The first Martyrs’ Day is commemorated on January 30, in remembrance of the martyrs, coinciding with Gandhiji’s death anniversary.
In addition to this, the nation also observes Martyrs’ Day on March 23. The existence of two separate dates for Martyrs’ Day sometimes leads to confusion among people.
However, there is a distinct significance to each of these occasions.
On January 30, the day marks the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi. In contrast, March 23 is dedicated to Amar Shaheed Diwas, commemorating the martyrdom of freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev, who were executed on March 23, 1931.
This day serves as a poignant reminder of the sacrifices made by these three martyrs.
Gandhiji’s death anniversary is commemorated as Martyrs’ Day due to the profound impact of his nonviolent struggle for India’s independence.
Mahatma Gandhi, also known as Bapu, exemplified the principles of truth and nonviolence, leading a nation towards freedom.
His assassination on January 30, 1948, symbolizes the sacrifice for a noble cause. Celebrating this day as Martyrs’ Day extends beyond Gandhi’s tribute, encompassing all those who laid down their lives for the country.
Furthermore, the association with Martyrs’ Day on January 30 is a recognition of the broader sacrifices made during the freedom struggle.
The observance acknowledges the selflessness and courage exhibited not only by Gandhiji but also by countless individuals who fought bravely for the nation’s sovereignty.
In honouring Gandhiji’s death as Martyrs’ Day, we pay homage to the spirit of sacrifice and resilience that characterizes India’s journey towards independence.